(zingiber officinale)

Article by Kaniz F. Shah

Botanical Name: zingiber officinale
English Name:  ginger
Hindi Name:  adrak
Popular Name(s): ginger root
Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum/Division: magnoliophyta
Class: liliopsida
Order: zingiberales
Family: zingiberaceae (ginger)
Genus: zingiber
Species: z. officinale roscoe
Parts Used: root (rhizomes)
Habitat: South China, Asia, West Africa, Caribbean
Height: 3-4 ft.
Taste:  pungent
Odor: spicy, sweet, woody, sharp
Effect / Energy:  warming
Extraction method: steam distilled from rhizomes
Blends with: all spice and citrus oils, eucalyptus, frankincense, geranium, rosemary
ph: 5.6-5.9


Best essential oil for manifesting

Psychological Properties:

      revives, uplifts

Subtle Properties:

      promotes physical energy, love, money, courage, confidence and manifestation of the heart & soul; strengthens the will, attracts prosperity

Associated with:

      Archangel Ariel and the lynx


GROUND GINGER: very high in vitamin B-6, niacin, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc.
FRESH GINGER: good source of vitamin B6, manganese, magnesium and potassium.



Antiseptic, laxative, antioxidant, pain relieving, stimulant, tonic, diaphoretic, antiviral, warming

Plant Description:

Ginger is a rhizome known particularly for its knotted root, which is thick, juicy with tan colored skin. The flowers are pink to scarlet and the leaves are long, slender and glossy. It is commonly used in cooking and is in almost every Pakistani and Indian dish not only for its delicious taste and aroma but also for its health benefits. Ground ginger has higher amounts of vitamins and minerals like Vitamin B-6, niacin, iron, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and zinc.

Health Benefits of Ginger

  • Digestive support:

    In India and Pakistan, a tea is made from ginger and fennel to soothe upset stomachs and aid digestion. It is also beneficial for colic, diarrhea and flatulence (gas).
  • Heart Health:

    The Chinese made tonics from ginger to strengthen the heart. Ginger has also been used to help with problems such as angina.
  • Colds & coughs:

    Ginger is useful in helping to relive coughs, sore throats, catarrh (mucus), colds, chills, tonsillitis, congestion, sinusitis, morning sickness and nausea. In Pakistan and India, ginger tea made from a few slices ginger, ½ a lemon, a pinch of cayenne pepper and honey (as a sweetener and it kills some harmful bacteria) is made to soothe colds, flu and coughs. Ginger is a diaphoretic, meaning it helps you perspire in order to reduce high fevers. The old wives made a tea of ginger with elderberry or mint to relieve motion or morning sickness.
  • Relieves cramps:

    Ginger and ginger oil is often used to relieve cramps and nausea associated with PMS or pregnancy.
  • Arthritis Relief:

    A compress made of Strongly brewed ginger tea or shredded boiled ginger is applied to the joints and muscles to relieve rheumatism and arthritis. Ginger in tea can also help in arthritic pains.
  • Motion sickness:

    Travel with candied ginger or a snack made with ginger to prevent nausea and motion sickness.
  • Other benefits:

    Ginger helps prevent infections and contagious diseases, enhances the memory and helps relieve muscle aches and pains and sprains.

Ginger for the Skin and Hair:

Ginger is often added to shampoos for its fragrance and massage oils for its pain and tension-relieving properties.


This article is for informational purpose only. Ginger and ginger oil are not a treatment for any disease or condition. They generally safe when used on the skin or hair, but to ensure safety, it is best to do an allergy test. Repeated use can be sensitizing. Avoid direct sunlight for 3-6 hours after use. Consult your doctor before using for medical purposes.


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2. Graedon, Terry. Cancer. The Peoples Pharmacy Quick and Handy Home Remedies. By Joe Graedon. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 2011. 53-54.
3. Bull, Ruah. "The Spring Months." Daily Aromatherapy Transforming the Seasons of Your Life with Essential Oils. By Joni Keim. Berkeley: North Atlantic, 2008. 130.
4. Bellebuono, Holly. The Essential Herbal for Natural Health: How to Transform Easy-to-Find Herbs into Healing Remedies for the Whole Family. Boston: Roost Books, 2012. 16-17.
5. Ody, Penelope. Essential Guide to Natural Home Remedies. London: Kyle Cathie, 2003.
6. Book “Herbal Encyclopedia” by Doctor Hakeem Hari Chand
7. Classification:
Article last updated 11/15/14